HTML Formatting

HTML Text Formatting

HTML Text Formatting Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p><b>This text is bold</b></p>
<p><i>This text is italic</i></p>
<p>This is<sub> subscript</sub> and <sup>superscript</sup></p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

HTML Formatting Elements

  • In the previous chapter, you learned about the HTML style attribute.
  • HTML also defines special elements for defining text with a special meaning.
  • HTML uses elements like <b> and <i> for formatting output, like bold or italic text.
  • Formatting elements were designed to display special types of text :
    • <b> - Bold text
    • <strong> - Important text
    • <i> - Italic text
    • <em> - Emphasized text
    • <mark> - Marked text
    • <small> - Small text
    • <del> - Deleted text
    • <ins> - Inserted text
    • <sub> - Subscript text
    • <sup> - Superscript text

HTML <b> and <strong> Elements

The HTML <b> element defines bold text, without any extra importance.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This text is normal.</p>

<p><b>This text is bold.</b></p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

The HTML <strong> element defines strong text, with added semantic "strong" importance.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This text is normal.</p>

<p><strong>This text is strong.</strong></p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

HTML <i> and <em> Elements

The HTML <i> element defines italic text, without any extra importance.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This text is normal.</p>

<p><i>This text is italic.</i></p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

The HTML <em> element defines emphasized text, with added semantic importance.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This text is normal.</p>

<p><em>This text is emphasized.</em></p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program
Note: Browsers display <strong> as <b>, and <em> as <i>. However, there is a difference in the meaning of these tags : <b> and <i> defines bold and italic text, but <strong> and <em> means that the text is "important".

HTML <small> Element

The HTML <small> element defines smaller text :

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h2>HTML <small>Small</small> Formatting</h2>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

HTML <mark> Element

The HTML <mark> element defines marked or highlighted text :

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h2>HTML <mark>Marked</mark> Formatting</h2>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

HTML <del> Element

The HTML <del> element defines deleted (removed) text.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>The del element represents deleted (removed) text.</p>

<p>My favorite color is <del>blue</del> red.</p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

HTML <ins> Element

The HTML <ins> element defines inserted (added) text.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>The ins element represent inserted (added) text.</p>

<p>My favorite <ins>color</ins> is red.</p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

HTML <sub> Element

The HTML <sub> element defines subscripted text.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This is <sub>subscripted</sub> text.</p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

HTML <sup> Element

The HTML <sup> element defines superscripted text.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This is <sup>superscripted</sup> text.</p>

</body>
</html>
Click here to Run the Program

HTML Text Formatting Elements

Tag Description
<b> Defines bold text
<em> Defines emphasized text 
<i> Defines italic text
<small> Defines smaller text
<strong> Defines important text
<sub> Defines subscripted text
<sup> Defines superscripted text
<ins> Defines inserted text
<del> Defines deleted text
<mark> Defines marked/highlighted text