Inroduction of HTML

HTML Introduction

Brief About HTML ?

HTML is popular and standard markup language used on web to create Web pages. HTML was created by Berners-Lee in late 1991 but "HTML 2.0" was the first standard HTML specification which was published in 1995. HTML 4.01 was a major version of HTML and it was published in late 1999. It is widely used in web pages. Now we have latest version i.e HTML-5. HTML 5 was published in 2012 and it is an extension to HTML 4.01.

The major points of HTML are given below :

  • HTML means Hyper Text Markup Language.
  • Static web pages are easily designed with only HTML.
  • Due to its markup, HTML play important role to describe the structure of Web pages.
  • Elements of HTML are popularly known as building blocks of HTML pages.
  • HTML elements are generally describes with help of tags.
  • HTML tags like "head", "p", "table" etc are used to display content
  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags. Because of client side technology, but use them to display content of the page.


A Simple HTML Code By Using Tags

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
       <title>W3Professors</title>
</head>
<body>

       <h1>W3Professors</h1>
       <p>Hello ! Welcome in W3Professors.</p>

</body>
</html>
Execute Code

Explanation of Code

  • The purpose of using <!DOCTYPE html> is to define that this documents belongs to HTML5
  • The <html> tag is the main tag of HTML page
  • The <head> tag contains information about meta tag / meta description of document
  • The <title> tag display title of browser windows
  • The <body> tag contains the actual content of web page
  • The <h1> is a tag to print large heading
  • The <p> tag means paragraph.

What are HTML Tags

HTML tags are basically names of element covered by angle brackets :

 <tagname> this portion is for your content </tagname> 
  • HTML tags normally come in two categories Single and Paired. in pairs like <body> and </body>
  • The first tag means it is starting of tag and second tag is means it is ending of tag
  • The end tag is written same as start tag but with a forward slash is required before tag name
Tip : The first tag, which is used to start a program is called as opening tag and second tag which is used to close the program is called as closing tag.
All HTML Tags

Web Browsers

The motive of web browser like Chrome, IE, Firefox, Safari etc is to read HTML web pages and print the content of that page

The browser does not directly print HTML tags, but content of HTML web pages are displayed with browser:


Structure of HTML Page

Below is a pictorial representation of HTML page. Structure of HTML :

Source : OnlineDesignTeacher

Note : Only the content inside the tag prints in a browser.

The <!DOCTYPE> Declaration

  • The <!DOCTYPE> is to declare document type and helps different browsers to display web pages correctly.
  • It is the first tag which is used before html tag and written at the top of the page.
  • The <!DOCTYPE> is not case sensitive.
Below is the Example, How to Declare <!DOCTYPE> in HTML is :
<!DOCTYPE html>

All HTML Versions

Below is the list of all HTML versions along with information of released year :

Version Year
HTML 1991
HTML 2.0 1995
HTML 3.2 1997
HTML 4.01 1999
XHTML 2000
HTML5 28 October 2014

With HTML we can design and create websites. Our team tried to cover each and everything about HTML in this tutorial. HTML is really easy to learn and use