HTML <input> Tags

Example

An HTML form with three input fields ; two text fields and one submit button :

 <form action="demo_form.asp">
  First name: <input type="text" name="fname"><br>
  Last name: <input type="text" name="lname"><br>
  <input type="submit" value="Submit">
</form> 
Execute Code

Definition and Usage

The <input> tag specifies an input field where the user can enter data.

<input> elements are used within a <form> element to declare input controls that allow users to input data.

An input field can vary in many ways, depending on the type attribute.


Browser Support

Element Chrome Internet Explorer Firefox Safari Opera
<input> Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Tips and Notes

Note : The <input> element is empty, it contains attributes only.

Tip : Use the <label> element to define labels for <input> elements.


Differences Between HTML 4.01 and HTML5

The "align" attribute is not supported in HTML5.

In HTML5, the <input> tag has several new attributes, and the type attribute has several new values.


Differences Between HTML and XHTML

In HTML, the <input> tag has no end tag.

In XHTML, the <input> tag must be properly closed, like this <input />.


Attributes

html5badge= New in HTML5.

Attribute Value Description
accept file_extension
audio/*
video/*
image/*
media_type
Specifies the types of files that the server accepts (only for type="file")
align left
right
top
middle
bottom
Not supported in HTML5.
Specifies the alignment of an image input (only for type="image")
alt text Specifies an alternate text for images (only for type="image")
autocomplete html5badgeon
off
Specifies whether an <input> element should have autocomplete enabled
autofocus html5badgeautofocus Specifies that an <input> element should automatically get focus when the page loads
checked checked Specifies that an <input> element should be pre-selected when the page loads (for type="checkbox" or type="radio")
dirname html5badgeinputname.dir Specifies that the text direction will be submitted
disabled disabled Specifies that an <input> element should be disabled
form html5badgeform_id Specifies one or more forms the <input> element belongs to
formaction html5badgeURL Specifies the URL of the file that will process the input control when the form is submitted (for type="submit" and type="image")
formenctype html5badgeapplication/x-www-form-urlencoded
multipart/form-data
text/plain
Specifies how the form-data should be encoded when submitting it to the server (for type="submit" and type="image")
formmethod html5badgeget
post
Defines the HTTP method for sending data to the action URL (for type="submit" and type="image")
formnovalidate html5badgeformnovalidate Defines that form elements should not be validated when submitted
formtarget html5badge_blank
_self
_parent
_top
framename
Specifies where to display the response that is received after submitting the form (for type="submit" and type="image")
height html5badgepixels Specifies the height of an <input> element (only for type="image")
list html5badgedatalist_id Refers to a <datalist> element that contains pre-defined options for an <input> element
max html5badgenumber
date
Specifies the maximum value for an <input> element
maxlength number Specifies the maximum number of characters allowed in an <input> element
min html5badgenumber
date
Specifies a minimum value for an <input> element
multiple html5badgemultiple Specifies that a user can enter more than one value in an <input> element
name text Specifies the name of an <input> element
pattern html5badgeregexp Specifies a regular expression that an <input> element's value is checked against
placeholder html5badgetext Specifies a short hint that describes the expected value of an <input> element
readonly readonly Specifies that an input field is read-only
required html5badgerequired Specifies that an input field must be filled out before submitting the form
size number Specifies the width, in characters, of an <input> element
src URL Specifies the URL of the image to use as a submit button (only for type="image")
step html5badge number Specifies the legal number intervals for an input field
type button
checkbox
color
date
datetime
datetime-local
email
file
hidden
image
month
number
password
radio
range
reset
search
submit
tel
text
time
url
week
Specifies the type <input> element to display
value text Specifies the value of an <input> element
 
width html5badgepixels Specifies the width of an <input> element (only for type="image")

Default CSS Settings

None